This mesmerising interactive map tracks the activity of the world’s shipping routes across one year.

What the are types of ships shown?

The merchant fleet is divided into five categories, each of which has a filter and a CO2 and freight counter for the hour shown on the clock. The ship types and units are as follows:

  • Container (e.g. manufactured goods): number of container slots equivalent to 20 feet (i.e. a 40-foot container takes two slots)
  • Dry bulk (e.g. coal, aggregates): combined weight of cargo, fuel, water, provisions, passengers and crew a vessel can carry, measured in thousand tonnes
  • Tanker (e.g. oil, chemicals): same as dry bulk
  • Gas bulk (e.g. liquified natural gas): capacity for gases, measured in cubic metres
  • Vehicles (e.g. cars): same as dry bulk

Why do ships sometimes appear to move across land?

In some cases this is because there are ships navigating via canals or rivers that aren’t visible on the map. Generally, though, this effect is an artefact of animating a ship between two recorded positions with missing data between, especially when the positions are separated by a narrow strip of land. We may develop the map to remove this effect in the future.

Why are there fewer ships visible in the first part of the year?

Unfortunately the data we are using for the map is incomplete for the first few months of the year: roughly January to April.

Who created this map?

The map was created by Kiln based on data from the UCL Energy Institute (UCL EI)

Website: Duncan Clark & Robin Houston from Kiln

Data: Julia Schaumeier & Tristan Smith from the UCL EI

Music: Bach Goldberg Variations played by Kimiko Ishizaka

How was the map created?

UCL EI took data showing location and speed of ships and cross-checked it with another database to get the vessel characteristics, such as engine type and hull measurements. With this information they were able to compute the CO2 emissions for each observed hour, following the approach laid out in the Third IMO Greenhouse Gas Study 2014. Kiln took the resulting dataset and visualized it with WebGL on top of a specially created base map, which shows bathymetry (ocean depth), based on the GEBCO_2014 Grid (version 20150318), as well as continents and major rivers from Natural Earth.

Posted on

Middelklassens tatoveringer kommuniserer tilhørighet til et forestilt utenforskap – forestilt fordi de færreste har bånd til maorier, rockeband eller Yakuza-medlemmer.

Middelklassens tatoveringer kommuniserer tilhørighet til et forestilt utenforskap – forestilt fordi de færreste har bånd til maorier, rockeband eller Yakuza-medlemmer.

Ei ungjente kom opp stien, vakker som landskapet selv – med en flådd og bloddryppende hodeskalle langs leggen.

Tatoveringer er vanlig. «Tramp-stamp», «crazytribals» og «fullsleeves» er like vanlig som Toyota. Norge befolkes av korsryggstatoverte sykepleiere, bussjåfører med blekkete nakker og bartendere med langermet symbolkaos. Tatoveringer har gått fra opprørsk til allemannseie og videre til det jeg skal skrive om her.

I fjor reiste jeg av ulike grunner Norge rundt, og over alt var det en fellesnevner: masser av tatoverte landsmenn. Ett øyeblikk var jeg i Stalheim og tittet ut over et landskap så dramatisk at jeg glemte fortid og fremtid. Og som Per Sivle selv skulle skrevet det, kom det ei ungjente opp stien, vakker som landskapet selv. Hun hadde en flådd og bloddryppende hodeskalle langs leggen.

Seterjenten var bærer av et forholdsvis nytt fenomen: Spredningen av tatovering til den norske middelklasse. Tatoveringen var tidligere en proletarisk form for pynt. Borgerskapet anså det som et symbol på underklassens råskap

Forestilt utenforskap

Så hva er poenget med tatoveringer? Enkelte steder er tatoveringer symbol på kulturell tilhørighet. Dette går igjen fra gjengmedlemmets koder, til Yakuza-mafiaens stilleben og fengselsfuglens ansiktstatovering. Som en kontrast til dette kommuniserer middelklassetatoveringene derimot oftere tilhørighet til et forestilt utenforskap. Forestilt fordi få har reelle bånd til maorier, rockeband eller gjengmedlemmer.

Dette er et filosofisk spørsmål: Kan tatoveringen uttrykke fandenivoldsk individualisme når den er alminnelig?

Mens symbolikken bak sjøfolkenes ankre og hjerter og
det snirklende ordet «mor» hadde en forståelig symbolikk,
krever middelklassetatoveringen ofte forklaring. 

Middelklassetatoveringene er mer et signal om en slags åndelig samhørighet med de grupper som utviklet tatoveringens symbolikk. Dette høres luftig ut, fordi det er det. Vil du se en nordmann gremmes? Spør hva symbolikken bak tatoveringen hans er ment å si – og prøv å få et skikkelig svar.

På morgenflyet til Kristiansand delte jeg rad med en mann som hadde tatovert «Gunnar» i snirkelskrift på håndbaken. Ufrivillig nærhet til samtalen avdekket at sønnen het Gunnar og at faren ennå ikke hadde innsett at det konstant å minne seg på hva sønnen heter, ved å tatovere det på hånden, sender stikk motsatt budskap av hva som var ment.

Tatoveringen som kommunikasjonsform er påfallende stinn av symbolikk. Bredden i dette billedspråket synes å samsvare med T-skjortemotiver i skala 1:1. Og de to synes omtrent like effektive i å besjele bæreren med lånt kredibilitet. Uavhengig av alt dette synes de fleste nordmenn å se sin «tattis» som utsmykking «fordi jeg kan», et slags uttrykk for særpreg.

Dette er et filosofisk spørsmål: Kan tatoveringen uttrykke fandenivoldsk individualisme når den er alminnelig? For om fargelagt hud en gang var et opprør mot samfunnets normer, er det i dag normen. Anslagsvis én million nordmenn har tatoveringer, om tall fra sammenlignbare land gir en pekepinn. Tallene er usikre, dels fordi mange tar sjansen på å tatovere seg i land de ikke ville risikere å drikke vann fra springen.

Permanent uholdbart

Det underlige er at så mange føler et behov for å vansire seg for å overbevise folk de ikke engang kjenner, om sin individualisme. Dette understrekes, om noe, av den ofte haltende symbolismen som folk velger å feste til huden for resten av livet. For mens symbolikken bak sjøfolkenes ankre og hjerter og det snirklende ordet «mor» var selvinnlysende, krever middelklassetatoveringen ofte en forklaring… som vi alle vet det er uhøflig å be om.

Vi kunne trenge en slags #metoo der kvinner viser frem sine gamle tatoveringer og bekjenner: Så dum var jeg, ta lærdom.

Da står vi igjen med tatoveringer som utsmykning. Her er kvaliteten på utførelsen naturligvis ett element, likeledes originalitet og bestandighet. De to første vil variere, men det tredje er mer entydig: Til å være permanente er tatoveringer forbausende lite holdbare. Hver sommer er våre badestrender et redselskabinett av molefonkne sommerfugler, falmede symboler, forstrukne armbånd og kinesiske tegn som ingen – absolutt ingen – bryr seg om hva betyr.

På 1990-tallet fikk stadig flere kvinner tatoveringer, inntil da var dette nesten utelukkende for menn.

På 1990-tallet fikk stadig flere kvinner tatoveringer, inntil da var dette nesten utelukkende for menn. Resultatet har vært noe i retning av en nasjonal en katastrofe. Og unge kvinner bør få vite dette. Vi kunne trenge en slags #metoo der kvinner viser frem sine gamle tatoveringer og bekjenner: Så dum var jeg, ta lærdom. Det ville være en solidarisk og klok investering i den kommende generasjon.

Jeg er mann, jeg kan absolutt se at en liten delfin dukkende ned under bikinikanten på en duggende skjønnhet er sexy. Jeg sier bare at et halvt liv og to barn senere er denne tatoveringen ikke der den var, og den er ikke.. hva er det de unge sier? Classy? Uansett har tanken om at en tatovering viser at du er et sexy råskinn, gått av moten som Justin Bieber.

I sum: folk bør slutte å tatovere seg, og de bør slutte fordi det er banalt, korttenkt og mest av alt fordi gamle tatoveringer er stygge tatoveringer. Og til alle dere med blekk-anger: Kilder vil ha det til at PicoWay-laser fjerner gamle synder på en kostbar, langsom og smertefull måte. Som jo er passende.

For som en ryggtavle i Stokmarknes sier det: «Blood In, Blood Out».

Posted on

Negerkyss

negerkyss

  • 3dl store havregryn
  • 1dl sukker
  • 1ss vaniljesukker
  • 2ss kakao
  • ca 100g margarin. Ikke bruk FOR mye smør,gjerne i godt underkant av 100g.
  • 1ss med sterk kaffe.

Ha i halvparten av havregryn og resten og rør så smørret blandes med resten med en miksmaster eller tilsvarende i en kort kort stund, beste resultatet blir gjort for hånd egentlig.
Bland inn resten av havregrynene og bland de sammen forsiktig, gjerne for hånd
Så lager du små kuler i hendene av deigen og ruller de i sukker eller kokosmasse og når du er ferdig så legger du de i fryseren.

Posted on

Making NFS mount appear in Nautilus bookmarks when using Google Chrome

Fresh install of Ubuntu 17.10 and my NFS shares would not appear in Nautilus when I tried to save anything by Google Chrome.
Fix was adding user to my fstab

# /etc/fstab: static file system information.
#
# Use 'blkid' to print the universally unique identifier for a
# device; this may be used with UUID= as a more robust way to name devices
# that works even if disks are added and removed. See fstab(5).
#
#     

         
# / was on /dev/nvme0n1p3 during installation
UUID=b84c5842-*************/               ext4    errors=remount-ro 0       1
# /boot/efi was on /dev/nvme0n1p1 during installation
UUID=E844-8B4E  /boot/efi       vfat    umask=0077      0       1
/swapfile                                 none            swap    sw              0       0
192.168.1.*:/home/b-real/nas  /home/b-real/nas/ nfs user,auto 0 0

Posted on

[fixed] Steam Ubuntu 17.10 installation problem

b-real@xxx~$ steam
Repairing installation, linking /home/b-real/.steam/steam to /home/b-real/.local/share/Steam
Running Steam on ubuntu 17.10 64-bit
STEAM_RUNTIME is enabled automatically
Installing breakpad exception handler for appid(steam)/version(0)
/home/b-real/.local/share/Steam/ubuntu12_32/steam: symbol lookup error: /usr/lib/i386-linux-gnu/libxcb-dri3.so.0: undefined symbol: xcb_send_request_with_fds
/home/b-real/.local/share/Steam/steam.sh: line 444: no match: ssfn*
b-real@xxx:~$ ~/.local/share/Steam/ubuntu12_32/steam
ILocalize::AddFile() failed to load file "public/steambootstrapper_english.txt".
[2017-10-29 14:59:07] Startup - updater built Nov 23 2016 01:05:42
Installing breakpad exception handler for appid(steam)/version(0)
Installing breakpad exception handler for appid(steam)/version(1.0)
[2017-10-29 14:59:07] Verifying installation...
[2017-10-29 14:59:07] Unable to read and verify install manifest /home/b-real/.local/share/Steam/package/steam_client_ubuntu12.installed
[2017-10-29 14:59:07] Verification complete
[2017-10-29 14:59:07] Downloading Update...
[2017-10-29 14:59:07] Checking for available update...
Installing breakpad exception handler for appid(steam)/version(1.0)
[2017-10-29 14:59:07] Package file tenfoot_misc_all.zip.008ed314d467eecacba58d188fdf082d23f264d2 missing or incorrect size
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[2017-10-29 14:59:07] Downloading update (0 of 274 454 KB)...
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[2017-10-29 14:59:53] Download Complete.
[2017-10-29 14:59:53] uninstalled manifest found in /home/b-real/.local/share/Steam/package/steam_client_ubuntu12 (1).
Installing breakpad exception handler for appid(steam)/version(1.0)
Installing breakpad exception handler for appid(steam)/version(1.0)
Installing breakpad exception handler for appid(steam)/version(1.0)
[2017-10-29 14:59:53] Extracting package...
Installing breakpad exception handler for appid(steam)/version(1.0)
Installing breakpad exception handler for appid(steam)/version(1.0)
Installing breakpad exception handler for appid(steam)/version(1.0)
Installing breakpad exception handler for appid(steam)/version(1.0)
Installing breakpad exception handler for appid(steam)/version(1.0)
Installing breakpad exception handler for appid(steam)/version(1.0)
Installing breakpad exception handler for appid(steam)/version(1.0)
Installing breakpad exception handler for appid(steam)/version(1.0)
Installing breakpad exception handler for appid(steam)/version(1.0)
Installing breakpad exception handler for appid(steam)/version(1.0)
Installing breakpad exception handler for appid(steam)/version(1.0)
Installing breakpad exception handler for appid(steam)/version(1.0)
Installing breakpad exception handler for appid(steam)/version(1.0)
Installing breakpad exception handler for appid(steam)/version(1.0)
Installing breakpad exception handler for appid(steam)/version(1.0)
Installing breakpad exception handler for appid(steam)/version(1.0)
Installing breakpad exception handler for appid(steam)/version(1.0)
Installing breakpad exception handler for appid(steam)/version(1.0)
Installing breakpad exception handler for appid(steam)/version(1.0)
Installing breakpad exception handler for appid(steam)/version(1.0)
[2017-10-29 15:00:01] Installing update...
[2017-10-29 15:00:02] Cleaning up...
[2017-10-29 15:00:02] Update complete, launching...
[2017-10-29 15:00:02] Shutdown

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My name is onboard the “passenger list” for the next mission to Mars-InSight!

My name is onboard the “passenger list” for the next mission to Mars-InSight!
InSight will launch in May, 2018. It will study the interior of Mars and listen for Marsquakes.
View My Boarding Pass:

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Apple’s new iPhone 8 and iPhone X implement USB Power Delivery over Lightning

Apple’s new iPhone 8 and iPhone X implement USB Power Delivery over Lightning, very similar to the iPad Pro 12.9″ and 10.1″ for high voltage charging.

While this means that the phones themselves won’t have USB Type-C ports, with the right C-to-Lightning cable, you’ll be able to use them with the same power sources that charge laptops and other Type-C devices such as Pixel phones.

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Rick and Morty Season 3 Animation Crew Photo

Rick and Morty Season 3 Animation Crew Photo

For the past 2 seasons of Rick and Morty, our animation team creates a crew photo. This season we went with the EPIC citadel battle from 301. Hope you enjoyed watching it as much as we enjoyed making it! – Mark Van Ee

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Lets face the facts, IPv6 implementation is not exactly taking of very well, so now there is a new plan, IPv10

xkcd

And why do we need a new standard? Do our ISP support IPv6? In what way? No clue? Neather do I. But help is on the way…somewhere, in a galaxy far far away:

IP version 10 (IPv10) is a new version of the Internet Protocol,designed to allow IP version 6 [RFC-2460] to communicate to
IP version 4 (IPv4) [RFC-791] and vice versa.

– Internet is the global wide network used for communication between hosts connected to it.

– These connected hosts (PCs, servers, routers, mobile devices, etc.) must have a global unique addresses to be able to communicate through the Internet and these unique addresses are defined in the Internet Protocol (IP).

The first version of the Internet Protocol is IPv4.

– When IPv4 was developed in 1975, it was not expected that the number of connected hosts to the Internet reach a very huge number of hosts more than the IPv4 address space, also it was aimed to be used for experimental purposes in the beginning.

– IPv4 is (32-bits) address allowing approximately 4.3 billion unique IP addresses.

– A few years ago, with the massive increase of connected hosts to the Internet, IPv4 addresses started to run out.

– Three short-term solutions (CIDR, Private addressing, and NAT) were introduced in the mid-1990s but even with using these solutions, the IPv4 address space ran out in February, 2011 as announced by IANA, The announcement of depletion of the IPv4 address space by the RIRs is as follows:

* April, 2011: APNIC announcement.
* September, 2012: RIPE NCC announcement.
* June, 2014: LACNIC announcement.
* September, 2015: ARIN announcement.

– A long term solution (IPv6) was introduced to increase the address space used by the Internet Protocol and this was defined in the Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6).

– IPv6 was developed in 1998 by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF).

– IPv6 is (128-bits) address and can support a huge number of unique IP addresses that is approximately equals to 2^128 unique addresses.

– So, the need for IPv6 became a vital issue to be able to support the massive increase of connected hosts to the Internet after the IPv4 address space exhaustion.

– The migration from IPv4 to IPv6 became a necessary thing, but unfortunately, it would take decades for this full migration to be accomplished.

– 19 years have passed since IPv6 was developed, but no full migration happened till now and this would cause the Internet to be divided into two parts, as IPv4 still dominating on the Internet traffic (85% as measured by Google in April, 2017) and new Internet hosts will be assigned IPv6-only addresses and be able to communicate with
15% only of the Internet services and apps.

– So, the need for solutions for the IPv4 and IPv6 coexistence became an important issue in the migration process as we cannot wake up in the morning and find all IPv4 hosts are migrated to be IPv6 hosts, especially, as most enterprises have not do this migration for creating a full IPv6 implementation.

– Also, the request for using IPv6 addresses in addition to the existing IPv4 addresses (IPv4/IPv6 Dual Stacks) in all enterprise networks have not achieve a large implementation that can make IPv6 the most dominated IP in the Internet as many people believe that they will not have benefits from just having a larger IP address
bits and IPv4 satisfies their needs, also, not all enterprises devices support IPv6 and also many people are afraid of the service outage that can be caused due to this migration.

– The recent solutions for IPv4 and IPv6 coexistence are:

  • Native dual stack (IPv4 and IPv6)
  • Dual-stack Lite
  • NAT64
  • 464xlat
  • MAP
  • (other technologies also exist, like lw6over4; they may have more specific use cases)

– IPv4/IPv6 Dual Stack, allows both IPv4 and IPv6 to coexist by using both IPv4 and IPv6 addresses for all hosts at the same time, but this solution does not allows IPv4 hosts to communicate to IPv6 hosts and vice versa. Also, after the depletion of the IPv4 address space, new Internet hosts will not be able to use IPv4/IPv6 Dual Stacks.

– Tunneling, allows IPv6 hosts to communicate to each other through an IPv4 network, but still does not allows IPv4 hosts to communicate to IPv6 hosts and vice versa.

– NAT-PT, allows IPv6 hosts to communicate to IPv4 hosts with only using hostnames and getting DNS involved in the communication process but this solution was inefficient because it does not allows communication using direct IP addresses, also the need for so much protocol translations of the source and destination IP addresses made the solution complex and not applicable thats why it was moved to the Historic status in the RFC 2766. Also, NAT64 requires so much
protocol translations and statically configured bindings, and also getting a DNS64 involved in the communication process.

Internet Protocol version 10 (IPv10).

– IPv10 is the solution presented in this Internet draft.

– It solves the issue of allowing IPv6 only hosts to communicate to IPv4 only hosts and vice versa in a simple and very efficient way, especially when the communication is done using both direct IP addresses and when using hostnames between IPv10 hosts, as there is no need for protocol translations or getting the DNS involved in the communication process more than its normal address resolution function.

– IPv10 allows hosts from two IP versions (IPv4 and IPv6) to be able to communicate, and this can be accomplished by having an IPv10 packet containing a mixture of IPv4 and IPv6 addresses in the same IP packet header.

– From here the name of IPv10 arises, as the IP packet can contain (IPv6 + IPv4 /IPv4 + IPv6) addresses in the same layer 3 packet header.

[Rest of the draft can be read here]

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Jupiters Aurora is a factor of 10 brighter than it should be based on Earth-like physics

Jupiter’s polar regions—anywhere between 10 and 30 times greater than any seen on Earth. Which they expected—everything’s bigger and badder on Jupiter. Trouble is, Jupiter’s aurora isn’t 10 or even 30 times stronger than Earth’s. It’s about a hundred times stronger. And there is no Earthly explanation for that discrepancy.

“Basically, the aurora is a factor of 10 brighter than it should be based on Earth-like physics,” Mauk says.

Whatever process accelerates Jupiter’s electrons up to a million electron volts is likely a total unknown. And Mauk, with the help of theorists and data from a few more orbits, is already on the trail of what that might be. “After orbit seven we saw what I would consider to be the smoking gun,” Mauk says. Mauk’s Jedi instrument saw the characteristic inverted V structure, but the electron excitement didn’t end there. As the electrical potential rose at the peak of the V, the acceleration went from coherent and linear to random—Mauk calls that a stochastic acceleration process. “Something goes unstable, and you start forming these waves,” Mauk says. “Some electrons gain a lot of energy, some just a little.”
What makes things get all unstable and random? Unclear.

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